AskDefine | Define shortstop

Dictionary Definition

short-stop n : an acid bath used to stop the action of a developer [syn: stop bath, short-stop bath]shortstop


1 (baseball) the person who plays the shortstop position
2 the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between 2nd and 3rd base [syn: short]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. The infield defensive player that stands between the second baseman and the third baseman.
    The shortstop ranged deep into the hole to make the stop.
  2. A nimble defender.
    I'll play shortstop when we make our proposal.

Extensive Definition

Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball fielding position between second and third base. Shortstop is often regarded as the most dynamic defensive position in baseball, because there are more right-handed hitters in baseball than left-handed hitters, and most hitters have a tendency to pull the ball slightly, so more balls go to the shortstop than any other position. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the shortstop is assigned the number 6.
Shortstops are required to cover second base in double play situations when the ball is hit to the second baseman, first baseman, pitcher, or catcher. They cover second when a runner is attempting a stolen base but, only when a left handed hitter is batting. this is because the chances of a ball being hit to the left side of the infield are almost cut in half. They also must cover third at various times, including the rotation play; that is, when there are runners on first and second and a sacrifice bunt is attempted. Shortstops generally are given precedence on catching pop-ups in the infield as well, so they end up calling off other players many times, although on deep pop-ups they fall back when called off by an outfielder. The shortstop also has to back up a throw from the catcher to the third baseman when the runner is attempting to steal third base. (Normally this action is not done at the major league level because the catcher is better at throwing, the third baseman is better at catching the ball, and the left fielder is there to back up third base. This action is usually performed in little league baseball.)
Traditionally, players are selected as shortstops for their fielding prowess, but in recent years more shortstops with excellent hitting have entered the leagues as well. It is an exclusively right-handed position, as a righty can easily throw to first or second without having to physically turn after playing a ground ball, the most common type of hit directed at the shortstop.

Multiple Gold Glove Award winners

All time single season assist leaders among shortstops

  1. Ozzie Smith: 621 (St. Louis Cardinals, 1980)
  2. Glenn Wright: 601 (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1924)
  3. Dave Bancroft: 598 (Philadelphia Phillies/New York Giants, 1920)
  4. Tommy Thevenow:597 (St. Louis Cardinals, 1926)
  5. Ivan DeJesus: 595 (Chicago Cubs, 1977)
  6. Cal Ripken: 583 (Baltimore Orioles, 1984)
  7. Whitey Wietelmann: 581 (Boston Braves, 1943)
  8. Dave Bancroft: 579 (New York Giants, 1922)
  9. Rabbit Maranville: 574 (Boston Braves, 1914)
  10. Don Kessinger: 573 (Chicago Cubs, 1968)

All time single season putout leaders among shortstops

  1. Donie Bush: 425 (Detroit Tigers, 1914)
  2. Hughie Jennings: 425 (Baltimore Orioles [National League], 1895)
  3. Joe Cassidy: 408 (Washington Senators, 1905)
  4. Rabbit Maranville: 407 (Boston Braves, 1914)
  5. Dave Bancroft: 405 (New York Giants, 1922)
  6. Eddie Miller: 405 (Boston Braves, 1940)
  7. Monte Cross: 404 (Philadelphia Phillies, 1898)
  8. Dave Bancroft: 396 (New York Giants, 1921)
  9. Mickey Doolan: 395 (Philadelphia Phillies, 1906)
  10. Buck Weaver: 392 (Chicago White Sox, 1913)

See also

In conclusion, a very tough position but a very important one as well.
shortstop in German: Shortstop
shortstop in Spanish: Shortstop
shortstop in French: Arrêt-court
shortstop in Korean: 유격수
shortstop in Italian: Interbase
shortstop in Japanese: 遊撃手
shortstop in Portuguese: Interbases
shortstop in Swedish: Shortstop
shortstop in Chinese: 游擊手

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

amateur athlete, archer, athlete, ballplayer, baseballer, baseman, batter, battery, blocking back, bowman, catcher, center, coach, competitor, cricketer, defensive lineman, end, footballer, games-player, gamester, guard, infielder, jock, jumper, lineman, offensive lineman, outfield, outfielder, player, poloist, professional athlete, pugilist, quarterback, racer, skater, sport, sportsman, tackle, tailback, toxophilite, wingback, wrestler
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